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EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES / KARIES AWAL KANAK-KANAK

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  Do you know that, when a baby’s first tooth erupts, bacteria has already reside inside the baby’s oral cavity. Streptococcus mutans  is an  example of common bacteria found. It is normally transmitted by the baby’s own mother or caregiver. Other type of bacteria are such as lactobacillus and veilonella. Sucrose and lactose inside the mom’s […]

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ORAL MICROBIOLOGY / KUMAN DI DALAM MULUT

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        Microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, fungi etc. start to colonize a human’s mouth on the first day he/she is born. When teeth erupted, there is an ecosystem of microorganisms developed. Until today, there are more than 300 species of microorganisms known to live inside oral cavity. A healthy mouth is where […]

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DENTAL CARIES / KARIES GIGI

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  Dental caries or tooth decay, is a condition caused by increased acidic activity inside the mouth. How the acid level becomes increased? Well, after meals of carbohydrate and sugar, the readily available bacteria inside the mouth will metabolize them and produce the acid as byproducts. When the acid level is high, enamel surface of […]

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HEALTHY TOOTH

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  A normal healthy tooth shall have the followings. ENAMEL – the hardest tissue of the body consists of mostly calcium apatite and some organic content. DENTINE – hard, elastic, white yellowish tissue and mineralized with hydroxyapatite crystals which contributes to the tooth color shade. PULP– soft tissue that carries nerve and blood vessels for […]